Q. Consider the following statements regarding Marburg hemorrhagic fever:
1. It is a zoonotic disease.
2. There is no approved vaccine or treatment for this disease.
3. The virus belongs to same family as Ebola virus.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

All statements are correct 

About Marburg Virus: 

  • Marburg virus disease(MVD) was formerly known as Marburg hemorrhagic fever. 
  • The virus causes hemorrhagic fever and belongs to the same family (Filoviridae family) as the Ebola virus. 
  • First Case: The virus was initially detected in 1967 after simultaneous outbreaks in Marburg and Frankfurt in Germany; and in Belgrade, Serbia. 
  • Symptoms: The common symptoms of a virus are fever, headache, fatigue, abdominal pain and gingival haemorrhage. 
  • Transmission: Marburg is transmitted to people from fruit bats. The virus spreads among humans through direct contact with the bodily fluids of the patient, surfaces and materials 
  • Fatality Rate: The case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 24% to 88% in past outbreaks, depending on virus strain and case management. 
  • Treatment: There are no approved vaccines or antiviral treatments for the virus yet. Early supportive care with rehydration and symptomatic treatment improves survival. 

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