Q. Consider the following statements regarding National Commission of Minorities (NCM)
1. It is a constitutional body
2. The Commission will evaluate the progress of the development of minorities under the Union and States
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Recently, the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) has informed that the erstwhile Minority Commission had recommended for setting up of a Committee to establish a National Integration-cum-Human Rights Commission for promotion of secular traditions and national integration.   

About the National Commission of Minorities(NCM): 

  • National Commission for Minorities (NCM) is a statutory body set up in 1993 under the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) Act, 1992. 
  • Section 2 of the NCM Act stipulates that ‘Minority’ for the purposes of the Act means a community notified as such by the Central Government. 
  • Initially, five religious communities namely Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Zoroastrians(Parsis) were notified as minority communities. In 2014, Jains were also notified as another minority community. 

Functions of NCM: 

  • evaluate the progress of the development of minorities under the Union and States; 
  • monitor the working of the safeguards provided in the Constitution and in laws enacted by Parliament and the State Legislatures; 
  • make recommendations for the effective implementation of safeguards for the protection of the interests of minorities by the Central Government or the State Governments; 

Read more: Revaluation of Minority Commission