Q. Consider the following statements regarding the “benzoic acid”:
1. It exists as a crystalline, colorless solid under normal conditions.
2. It is used in the manufacture of dyes and in insect repellants.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Benzoic acid is an organic compound which is described by the chemical formula C6H5COOH.  

  • It consists of a carboxyl group attached to a benzene ring. Therefore, benzoic acid is said to be an aromatic carboxylic acid.  
  • This compound exists as a crystalline, colorless solid under normal conditions.  
  • It is white and belongs to the family of carboxylic acid. 
  • The term ‘benzoate’ refers to the esters and salts of C6H5COOH. 
  • The commercial production of benzoic acid is done via the partial oxidation of toluene with oxygen, catalyzed by manganese or cobalt naphthenates. 

Some important uses of C6H5COOH are listed below. 

  • The production of phenol involves the use of benzoic acid. 
  • This compound is used in ointments that prevent or treat fungal skin diseases. 
  • C6H5COOH is used as a preservative in the food industry. 
  • Benzoic acid is an ingredient in many cosmetic products, such as lipsticks. 
  • It is also a precursor to benzoyl chloride. 
  • One of the components of toothpaste, mouthwash, and face-wash creams is C6H5 
  • This compound is also used in the manufacture of dyes and in insect repellants. 

Source: NCERT 

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