Q. Consider the following statements regarding Tipu Sultan
1. He signed Treaty of Gajendragad during Maratha–Mysore War
2. He introduced a new coinage system, a calendar and a new land revenue system
3. He established a modern armory in Dindigul
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A

Recently, naming a garden on Tipu Sultan in Mumbai sparked a controversy. 

  • Born in November 1750, Tipu Sultan was Haidar Ali’s son and a great warrior, also known as the Tiger of Mysore. 
  • He was a well educated man fluent in Arabic, Persian, Kanarese and Urdu.  
  • Tipu introduced a number of administrative innovations during his rule, including his coinage, a new Mauludi lunisolar calendar, and a new land revenue system which initiated the growth of Mysore silk industry. 
  • He organised his army on the European model with Persian words of command. 
  • He established three dockyards at Mangalore, Wajedabad and Molidabad. However, his plans did not fructify. 
  • Tipu’s conflicts with his neighbours included the Maratha–Mysore War which ended with the signing of the Treaty of Gajendragad. 

Hyder Ali established a modern armory in Dindigul 

Source : Indian Express