Q. Consider the following statements regarding to tackle unemployment:
1. Adopting an employment-intensive sectoral planning.
2. Regulate technological change to protect and enhance employment.
3. Promote area planning for full unemployment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 3 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Economic development in the sense of rise in real GNP and per capita real income is by itself of not much significance in India unless we remove unemployment and underemployment also.  

The employment strategy of planned development will have to be directed 

  • To adopt an employment intensive sectoral planning 
  • To regulate technological change to protect and enhance employment. 
  • To promote area planning for full employment. 

The focus should be to expand employment through labour absorbing technologies. 

The expansion of infrastructural and social services i.e. road construction, rural electrification, water supply, rural schools and community health schemes besides irrigation and housing programmes will help to generate massive employment opportunities. 

Source: TMH Ramesh Singh