Q. Consider the following statements with respect to the official languages of states:
1. As per the Constitution, only Hindi can be the official language for communication between a State and the Union.
2. The Governor may direct the inclusion of any language in the official languages of the state to protect linguistic minorities.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

Exp) Option d is the correct answer

Statement 1 is incorrect. Article 346 talks about “Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union”: A state can choose – a) Language being used in Union for official purposes. b) Hindi language can also be the official language for communication between states. If two or more States agree that the Hindi language should be the official language for communication between such States, that language may be used for such communication. Therefore, the state and the Union can mutually decide whether Hindi or any other official language (ex. English) be the medium of communication.

Statement 2 is incorrect. When the President, on a demand being made, (and not the Governor) is satisfied that a substantial proportion of the population of a state desire the use of any language spoken by them to be recognised by that state, then he may direct that such language shall also be officially recognised in that state. This provision aims at protecting the linguistic interests of minorities in the states.

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