Q. Consider the following statements:
1.India has brought 22 percent of its terrestrial area and 5 percent of its marine and coastal areas under the Protected Area Network.
2.Galathea Bay Sanctuary is present in Kerala.
3.Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures (OECMs) are geographically defined area other than a protected area, which is governed and managed in ways that achieve positive and sustained long-term outcomes for the in-situ conservation of biodiversity.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation –

Statement 1 and 3 are correct. India has reported that it has effectively brought 22 percent of its terrestrial area and 5 percent of its marine and coastal areas under the Protected Area Network. OECMs are geographically defined area other than a protected area, which is governed and managed in ways that achieve positive and sustained long-term outcomes for the in-situ conservation of biodiversity.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Galathea Bay Sanctuary is present in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and form a part of the Important Marine Protected Areas of India.

Source: ORF

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