Q. Consider the following statements
1. The site was discovered by Jagat Pati Joshi
2. It is the first site of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) in India to get the World Heritage tag.
3. Harappan antecedent towns normally located near to rivers but the location of this town was in the island
Which of the following place is described in the statements above?

[A] Lothal

[B] Kalibangan

[C] Dholavira

[D] Rakhigarhi

Answer: C

The Harappan city of Dholavira, in present-day Gujarat, has been named the 40th Indian site on UNESCO’s World Heritage list 

About Dholavira: 

  • Dholavira is an archaeological site of a Harappan-era city. It is located in the Kutch district, Gujarat. 
  • The site is one of the very few well-preserved urban settlements in South Asia, dating from the 3rd to mid-2nd millennium BCE. 
  • The site is the 6th largest of more than 1,000 Harappan sites discovered so far. 
  • The site was discovered in 1968 by archaeologist Jagat Pati Joshi. 
  • The site was a commercial and manufacturing hub for about 1,500 years before its decline and eventual ruin in 1500 BC. 
  • The site is an exceptional example of a proto-historic Bronze Age urban settlement pertaining to the Harappan Civilization (early, mature, and late Harappan phases).\ 
  • Dholavira was located on the island of Khadir when compared to other Harappan towns normally located near rivers and perennial sources of water. 

Read more: Dholavira in Gujarat on UNESCO World Heritage list