Q. In context of post-Independence political scenario, consider the following statements:
1. In 1955, Congress declared its goal for the socialist pattern of society.
2. Ram Manohar Lohia left the Congress after independence and became a member of the Praja Socialist Party.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Exp) Option c is the correct answer.

The socialists believed in the ideology of democratic socialism which distinguished them both from the Congress as well as from the Communists. They criticised the Congress for favouring capitalists and landlords and for ignoring the workers and the peasants.

Statements 1 is correct. The Avadi Session, 1955 represented the Congress’s distinct shift towards socialism. The Congress declared the socialist pattern of society to be its goal. The party resolution also stated that planning must take place with a view towards the establishment of such a society.

Statements 2 is correct. Ram Manohar Lohia left the Congress in 1948. He became a member of the Praja Socialist Party upon its formation in 1952 and served as general secretary for a brief period, but internal conflicts led to his resignation in 195

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