Q. In India, if a religious sect/community is given the status of a national minority, then what special advantages it is entitled to?
1. It can establish and administer educational institutions.
2. The President of India has to nominate a representative of the community to Lok Sabha.
3. It can derive benefits from the Prime Minister’s 15-Point Program.
Select the correct option using the code given below:

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 1 and 3 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B

Exp) Option b is the correct answer.

At present Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Christians, and Parsis (ZoroastriSolution (a)re notified as minority religious communities by Government of India. There are certain special advantages that these communities are entitled by the Constitution of India as well as various other legislative and administrative measures.

Statement 1 is correct: Article 30 of the Indian Constitution upholds the right of religious and linguistic minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Statement 2 is incorrect: There is no provision for the President of India to automatically nominate a member of a minority religious community to the Lok Sabha. This provision was earlier available for members of Anglo-Indian community under Article 331 of the Constitution.

Statement 3 is correct: Religious minorities can derive benefits from the Prime Minister’s 15-Point Programme. The programme was launched in 2005 to ensure the welfare of minorities in the fields of education, skill development, employment and prevention of communal conflicts.