Q. Kanal Istanbul was seen recently in news. The canal connects which of the following two seas?

[A] Sea of Marmara and Aegean Sea

[B] Black Sea and Sea of Marmara

[C] Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea

[D] None of the above

Answer: B

The Kanal Istanbul, an under-construction shipping route running parallel to the strategically critical Bosphorus Strait, is fast gaining prominence as a major divisive issue in Turkey. 

About the Kanal Istanbul: 


Source: Wikipedia 

  • It is a planned canal that connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara. 
  • The planned canal will run parallel to the Bosphorus Strait, a natural waterway that separates Europe and Asia, which for centuries has served as a key outlet for Russian ships entering the Mediterranean Sea. 
  • Since 1936, passage through the Strait has been governed by the Montreux Convention, a multilateral treaty that allows ships to go across almost free of cost during peacetime, and which tightly restricts the movement of naval vessels. 
  • Analysts also believe that the canal was planned to circumvent Montreux Convention 
  • Turkish leaders say that the new canal, which will run on the European side of Bosphorus, will be safer and faster to navigate compared to the Bosphorus, making it a more attractive option for commercial ships 

Source: Indian Express