Q. “Loya Jirga or Grand Council” is often seen in news is related to which of the following country?

[A] Nepal

[B] Bhutan

[C] Bangladesh

[D] Afghanistan

Answer: D

A Loya Jirga, or “grand council”, is a mass national gathering that brings together representatives from the various ethnic, religious, and tribal communities in Afghanistan.  

  • The gathering involves participation of Afghan tribal elders, religious figures, and political leaders.  
  • The Loya Jirga is a centuries-old institution that has been convened at times of national crisis or to settle national issues.  
  • Historically, it has been used to approve a new constitution, declare war, choose a new king, or to make sweeping social or political reforms.  
  • It is considered the “highest expression” of the Afghan people, but it is not an official decision-making body. 

Source: The Hindu