Q. Ratchet mechanism was seen in news recently. The mechanism is related to which of the following?

[A] Afghan peace process

[B] International Finance

[C] Plastic Pollution

[D] Climate change

Answer: D

Ratchet Mechanism: 

  • Under the Paris Agreement, countries have submitted Intended nationally determined contributions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared to a “business as usual” scenario.  
  • The framework also expects each country to submit enhanced nationally determined contributions every five years to ratchet up the ambition to mitigate climate change. This process is informally known as the ratchet mechanism. 
  • COP 26 is expected to be the first time that Parties are expected to commit to enhanced ambition since COP21. 

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