Q. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 provides that the central government may regulate the supply of certain food items including cereals, pulses, potatoes, onions, edible oilseeds, and oils, only under extraordinary circumstances. Which of the following is/are comes under extraordinary circumstances?
1. Extraordinary price rise
2. Famine
3. Natural calamity of grave nature
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

The Essential Commodities Act, 1955 empowers the central government to designate certain commodities (such as food items, fertilizers, and petroleum products) as essential commodities.   

  • The central government may regulate or prohibit the production, supply, distribution, trade, and commerce of such essential commodities.   
  • The Bill provides that the central government may regulate the supply of certain food items including cereals, pulses, potatoes, onions, edible oilseeds, and oils, only under extraordinary circumstances.    
  • These include: (i) war, (ii) famine, (iii) extraordinary price rise and (iv) natural calamity of grave nature. 

Source: PRSINDIA 

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