Q. The Indian Constitution prescribes mandatory reservation for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes in which of the following bodies?
1. Lok Sabha
2. Rajya Sabha
3. Legislative assembly of a state
4. All three levels of panchayat bodies
5. Chairpersons of Urban Local Bodies
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1, 2 and 3 only

[B] 1, 3 and 4 only

[C] 1, 3 and 5 only

[D] 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Answer: B
Notes:

Exp) Option b is the correct answer.

Option 1 and 3 is correct: Article 330 and 332 of the Indian constitutions provides for the Reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the House of the people (Lok Sabhand legislative assemblies of the states respectively. The Constitution provided for the reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the house of people and assembly of each state on the basis of population ratios. Parliament in 2019 passed a Constitutional amendment bill to extend quota to SCs and STs in Lok Sabha and state assemblies by another 10 years. Reservation for members of Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs), given for the past 70 years in Lok Sabha and state assemblies was due to end on January 25, 2020.

Option 2 is incorrect: The Indian constitution does not prescribe the reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in Rajya Sabha.

Option 4 is correct: 73rd constitutional amendment act of 1992 has provided for the reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in every panchayat (I.e., at all the three levels) in proportion of their population to the total population in the panchayat area. The state legislature shall provide for the reservation of offices of chairperson in the panchayat at the village or any other level for the SCs and STs.

Option 5 is incorrect: The 74th constitutional amendment act provides for the reservation of seats for the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes in every municipality in proportion of their population to the total population in the municipal area. The offices of Chairpersons in the Municipalities shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and women in such manner as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide. Hence reservation for chairpersons of urban local bodies is based on the discretion of State Legislatures and not mandatory as per the constitution.

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