Q. The Placer deposits of India mostly/highly located at which of the following?

[A] Coastal areas

[B] Deccan Plateau

[C] Himalayas

[D] Northern Plains

Answer: A

The costal land forms of east and west coasts of the Nation contain significantly important placer mineral deposits.  

  • The minerals like ilmenite, rutile, garnet, zircon, monazite and sillimanite are occurring in these deposits.  
  • The controls like source rock geology, coastal geomorphology effective drainage network and favorable climatic conditions favored the formation of rich placer deposits in coastal environments.  
  • Important deposits occur in the coastal environments of Kerala (Chavara), Tamil Nadu (Manavalakurichi, Midalam, Vayakallur), Andhra Pradesh (Kakinada, Pentakota, Bhimunipatnam, Konada – Kandivalasa – Mukumpeta – Bendi creek – Donkar), (Sanaekasangi – Gopalpur, Chatrapur, Bajarkot, Satpara and Puri) and Maharastra (Kalbadevi, Newre and Malgund). 

Source: The Hindu