Q. Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary is recently seen in news. The sanctuary is located in which of the following state?

[A] Rajasthan

[B] Maharashtra

[C] Gujarat

[D] Himachal Pradesh

Answer: C

Four more wetlands from India – two from Haryana and two from Gujarat – have been recognised as Ramsar sites of international importance. With this, the number of Ramsar sites in India are 46. 

The wetlands that have received the Ramsar Site tag are Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary and Sultanpur National Park from Haryana; and Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary and Wadhvana Wetland from Gujarat. 

About Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary: 

  • Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Gujarat. The sanctuary lies on the Central Asian Flyway. 
  • Built in: Thol Lake was initially built in 1912 as a tank by the Gaekwad regime to provide irrigation facilities to farmers. 
  • Wildlife Sanctuary: In 1988, it was declared as a wildlife sanctuary by the state government to protect the birdlife found in this open-water wetland site. 
  • Bird species: The lake supports more than 320 bird species, including more than 30 threatened waterbird species such as the critically endangered White-rumped Vulture and Sociable Lapwing; and the vulnerable Sarus Crane and Common Pochard. 

Read more: Four new Ramsar wetland sites recognised in India