Q. Which of the following changes were made by the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019?

[A] It removed the constitutional provision of nominating Anglo-Indians to Parliament as well as State legislatures in India

[B] It declared Anglo Indian community as a separate Ethnic and Linguistic minority in India.

[C] It established the u201cAnglo-Indian Commissionu201d as a constitutional body to safeguard and protect their rights.

[D] It added the definition of Anglo-Indians to the Indian Constitution for the first time.

Answer: A
Notes:

Exp) Option a is the correct answer.

The 104 Amendment of Indian Constitution extended the deadline for the abolition of the reservation of seats by 10 years in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies for members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and ended the nomination provision for Anglo Indian communities.

Option a is correct: The 104th Constitutional Amendment Act (CAremoved the constitutional provision of nominating Anglo-Indian communities to Parliament as well as State legislatures in India. Prior to this CAA, the President could nominate two members to Lok Sabha and the Governor of the State can nominate one member to the State Legislative Assembly.

Option b is incorrect: The 104th CAA is not related to declaring the Anglo-Indian communities as a Separate Ethnic and Linguistic minority in India. Recently the AngloIndian communities have been demanding the Parliament to declare them as a Separate Ethnic and Linguistic minority to enable them to protect their rights.

Option c is incorrect: The 104th CAA is not related to establishing the Anglo-Indian Commission to safeguard the rights of Anglo Indian. The Anglo-Indian community has been demanding the government to consider constituting an Anglo-Indian Commission as mentioned in Article 338 (10) of the constitution of India.

Option d is incorrect: Article 366 (2) of the Constitution of India already provides the definition of Anglo Indian. Hence the 104th Constitutional does not provide the definition of Anglo-Indians for the first time in the Constitution.

Important Tips

Anglo Indian: “an Anglo Indian means a person whose father or any of whose other male progenitors in the male line is or was of European descent but who is domiciled within the territory of India and is or was born within such territory of parents habitually resident therein and not established there for temporary purposes only.”

 

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