Q. Which of the following schemes/missions are subsumed under Krishonnati Yojana?
1. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).
2. Sub-Mission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE).
3. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH).
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

It is a Centrally Sponsored Umbrella Scheme that has been implemented since 2016-17. It comprises of 11 schemes / missions:  

  • Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)- to promote holistic growth of horticulture sector. 
  • National Food Security Mission (NFSM) including National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)- to increase production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals, oilseeds and commercial crops through area expansion, restoring soil fertility and improving productivity.  
  • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)- to promote sustainable agriculture practices focusing on integrated farming, appropriate soil health management and synergizing resource conservation technology.  
  • Sub-Mission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE)- to strengthen ongoing programmes of states/local bodies to achieve food security, empowering farmers, strengthen programme planning, ICT usage etc.  
  • Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP)- to increase production of certified / quality seed, increase seed replacement rate (SRR) and upgrade the quality of farm saved seeds.  
  • Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM)- to increase the reach of farm mechanization, promote ‘Custom Hiring Centres’ to offset the adverse economies of scale arising due to small landholding and high cost.  
  • Sub-Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine- to minimize loss to quality and yield of agricultural crops, shield agricultural bio-security, facilitate exports and promote good agricultural practices.  
  • Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics- to undertake the agriculture census, study of the cost of cultivation of principal crops, to undertake research studies on agro-economic problems etc.  
  • Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC)- to provide financial assistance for improving the economic conditions of cooperatives, remove regional imbalances.  
  • Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM)- to develop and provide agricultural marketing infrastructure, promote innovative and latest technologies and integrate markets through a common online market platform.  
  • National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A) – to improve access of farmers to information &services, making available timely and relevant information to the farmers for increasing their agriculture productivity. 

Source: The Hindu