Q. With reference to rights of states and Union over sea, consider the following statements:
1. Union government have exclusive rights on all minerals within the territorial waters of India.
2. Littoral state has exclusive rights on all lands within the territorial waters of India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Exp) Option a is the correct answer.

Statement 1 is correct and statement 2 is incorrect. Union government have exclusive rights on all lands, minerals and other things of value under the waters of the ocean within the territorial waters of India, the continental shelf of India and the exclusive economic zone of India. Hence, a state near the ocean cannot claim jurisdiction over these things.

India’s territorial waters extend to a distance of 12 nautical miles from the appropriate base line. Similarly, India’s exclusive economic zone extends up to 200 nautical miles.

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