Q. With reference to the PESA (Panchayat Extensions of Scheduled Areas), consider the following statements:
1. It was enacted after the recommendation of Bhuria commission.
2. It confers the powers of local self-governance, ownership and management of natural resources to the local Tribal communities.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Statement 1 is correct: After the Bhuria Committee recommendations, PESA Act came into existence in 1996. Its aim is to ensure tribal self-rule for people living in scheduled areas of India. 

Statement 2 is correct: The PESA Act conferred the absolute powers to Gram Sabha, whereas state legislature has given an advisory role to ensure the proper functioning of Panchayats and Gram Sabhas. 

Source: LiveMint