Q. With reference to the Project-76 and Project-75I of the Indian Navy, which of the following statements are correct?
1.Project-76 of the Indian Navy aims to build nuclear-powered submarines.
2.Project-76 is fully indigenous while Project-75I involves foreign collaboration.
3.Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) is a key technology mandated for the submarines under Project-75I.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B

Explanation –

Statement 1 is incorrect. Project-76 focuses on building conventional diesel-powered submarines, not nuclear-powered ones. India has a separate project (Project-75 Alpha) for nuclear attack submarines.

Statements 2 and 3 are correct. Project-76 aims for indigenous design and construction of submarines, making it a significant step towards self-reliance. Project-75I, on the other hand, involves the acquisition of new submarines from foreign vendors with a technology transfer element. Project-75I prioritizes submarines equipped with Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP) technology. This allows them to stay submerged for longer durations without needing to surface for air, enhancing their stealth and operational capabilities.

Source: The Hindu