UPSC Mains 2017 Sociology Optional Test 7 : Mains Marathon

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Here is the 7th Mains Marathon Sociology Optional Test.

Sociology Optional Study Plan Mains Marathon


  1. Religion and Society
  2. Religion and Society (Paper 2)

Time: 3 hours

  • 20 questions
  • Questions include both 20 and 10 markers
  • Questions have been jumbled up to facilitate smart time management
  • 1 question from Thinkers
  • 1 application-based question
  • 1 question from current affairs (Sociological analysis)

  1. Touch upon the social impact of recently inaugurated Bullet Train. Which sociological thinker, according to you, best explains the relevance of Bullet trains in India? 20 Marks
  2. Can the concept of dialectics be applied to simultaneous co-existence of religious revivalism and secularization? Explain your points with suitable examples. 20 Marks
  3. Define the following with examples from Indian society: Animism, Monism, Pluralism, Sects and Cults. 20 Marks
  4. Write a short note on Marxist approach to environmental degradation. Will communism, in words of Marxists, control ecological degradation? 20 Marks
  5. Define minorities, and extend this definition to explain ‘religious minorities.’ 10 Marks
  6. Write a short note with sociological perspective on “plural society and secularism”. 10 Marks
  7. Secularism seeks not just the autonomy of the individual but also the autonomy of reason. Elucidate. 20 Marks
  8. Can Mead’s concept of self and identity be used to explain stereotyping of certain sections of people, and the consequent mal-integration of these people in the mainstream? Explain 20 Marks
  9. Is secularism a weak ideology? Critically analyse the reasons and implications of anti-secular trends in India. 20 Marks
  10. Write a short note with sociological perspective on “patterns of secularism and secularization in India.” 20 Marks
  11. To what extent can Emile Durkheim’s sociology of religion be applied to Indian society? Discuss. 20 Marks
  12. Write a short note with Sociological perspective on ‘religion and science.’ 10 Marks
  13. “Science without religion is lame. Religion without science is blind.” Comment in the light of recent developments in India. 20 Marks
  14. Write a short note with sociological perspective on the impact of the merger of Bhartiya Mahila Bank (BMB) with SBI on women empowerment. 10 Marks
  15. “Science and religion are not at odds. Science is simply too young to understand.” Elucidate with reference to some age-old religious practices still being practiced in India. 20 Marks
  16. Religion has given people hope in a world torn apart by religion. Examine sociologically. 20 Marks
  17. Proliferation of sects can be seen as a possible response to relative deprivation. Examine sociologically. 20 Marks

All Mains Marathon Optional Questions are updated in this page.


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