Dogra architecture gets a revival at J&K’s Maharaj Gunj

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Source: The post is based on the article “Dogra architecture gets a revival at J&K’s Maharaj Gunj” published in “The Hindu” on 26th October 2023

Why in the News?

Srinagar Smart City Ltd. and the Kashmir chapter of the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) have joined hands to conserve vernacular elements of Dogra architecture in Kashmir.

What is Dogra Architecture?

Dogra architecture refers to the traditional architectural style and building practices associated with the Dogra community.

They primarily ruled over Jammu and Kashmir from 1846 to 1947.

Examples of Dogra Architecture: Mubarak mandi, Jharokha style of balcony, Amar Mahal Palace.

Key Features of Dogra Architecture:

1. Use of Local Materials: Dogra architecture often utilizes locally available materials such as wood, stone, and clay, which help in maintaining a comfortable indoor temperature and provide insulation from the harsh weather.

2. Sloping Roofs: Houses in this style typically have sloping roofs to allow for the shedding of snow and rain which is common in the region.

3. Carved Wooden Elements: Intricate wood carvings on doors, windows and balconies showcasing the artistic skills of the local craftsmen.

4. Courtyard Design: Houses are often designed around a central courtyard, providing a private and functional space for the family.

5. Adaptation to Climate: Dogra architecture is designed to withstand extreme weather conditions, including cold winters and hot summers.

UPSC Syllabus Topic: Architecture

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