Early Jacaranda bloom in Mexico

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Source-This post on Jacaranda bloom is based on the article “Early jacaranda bloom sparks debate about climate change in Mexico” published in “The Hindu” on 27th February 2024.

Why in the News?

Jacaranda trees in Mexico are experiencing early blooming this year, causing concerns among residents and scientists. The foremost reason for this early bloom is climate change.

About Jacaranda Trees

Jacaranda tree early blooms
REUTERS
AspectsDescription
AboutJacaranda is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae.
OriginIt is native to tropical and subtropical regions of Central and South America. It is popular in Florida and California.
CharacteristicsIt is known for its spectacular clusters of intense purple-blue trumpet-shaped flowers, attractive green fern-like leaves, and a spreading umbrella-like canopy.
Significance1. In Brazil and South Africa, jacaranda trees carry cultural significance. Their blossoming marks the onset of spring and are planted in urban environments.
2. Jacaranda has been used as a natural remedy for treating bacterial infections, gonorrhoea, syphilis and leukaemia.
3. Some Jacaranda species have wood prized for its lightness, strength, and attractive grain, perfect for furniture and decor.
4. It holds ecological importance as they attract more hummingbirds and bees than many native trees. Change in flowering could lead to a decrease in these populations.

UPSC Syllabus: Environment (Species in news) 

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