INFAAR 2019-22 Report: First national report on AMR surveillance in India’s fisheries, livestock sectors

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Source-This post on INFAAR 2019-22 Report: First national report on AMR surveillance in India’s fisheries, livestock sectors is based on the article “FAO publishes first national report on AMR surveillance in India’s fisheries, livestock sectors” published in “DownToEarth” on 11th March 2024.

Why in the News?

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) released surveillance data of the Indian Network for Fishery and Animal Antimicrobial Resistance (INFAAR) for 2019-22.

INFAAR 2019-22 Report is the first national report on AMR surveillance in India’s fisheries and livestock sectors.

What is Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)?

Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) is the resistance of microorganisms (bacteria, virus, parasites and fungi) to an antimicrobial agent (antibiotics, fungicides, antiviral agents and parasiticides), to which they were first sensitive.

Read moreAntimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
About INFAAR (Indian Network for Fishery and Animal Antimicrobial Resistance)

1. INFAAR is a laboratory network established by ICAR.

2. It receives technical assistance from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

3. It is dedicated to conducting AMR surveillance in the fisheries and livestock sectors.

What are the key findings of the report?

INFAAR 2019-22 Report
Source- FAO

Data collection:
a. The (INFAAR) collected data from 2019-2022, covering 3 aquaculture systems (freshwater, brackish-water and marine) and major food-producing animals.
b. Resistance was profiled for Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species (CONS), Escherichia coli, Aeromonas species Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio sp.

1. Resistance pattern in fisheries sector:
a.
Isolates of Staphylococcus aureus exhibited high resistance against penicillin across all systems.
b. Freshwater fish displayed significant resistance to ciprofloxacin (54.8%), while marine samples showed higher resistance to cefotaxime (54.1%).
c. Significant resistance was also observed in shrimp samples against ampicillin.

2. Resistance pattern in livestock sector:
a.
E. coli and Staphylococcus isolates from various livestock were tested for antimicrobial resistance profiles. Increased resistance, especially in E. coli and Staphylococci, was noted in the livestock sector.
b. Isolates from poultry showed higher resistance rates to various antibiotics compared to those from other food animals.

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