International Initiatives to Combat Climate Change

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  • 1979 — the first World Climate Conference (WCC) took place.
  • 1988 — The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was set up
  • 1992- Countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), as a framework for international cooperation to combat climate change by limiting average global temperature increases and the resulting climate change, and coping with inevitable impacts.
  • 1994 — UNFCCC entered into force.
  • 1995 — the first Conference of the Parties (COP 1) took place in Berlin.
  • 1997 — Kyoto Protocol was formally adopted in December at COP 3.
  • 2001- Bonn Agreement was adopted based on the Buenos Aires Plan of Action of 1998.
  • 2001- Marrakesh Accords was adopted at COP 7, detailing rules for implementation of Kyoto Protocol, setting up new funding and planning instruments for adaptation, and establishing a technology transfer framework.
  • 2005- Kyoto Protocol came into force. The first Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (MOP1) took place in Montreal.
  • 2007- Parties agreed on the Bali Road Map at COP 13.
  • 2009 — Copenhagen Accord was drafted at COP 15 in Copenhagen.
  • 2010 —At COP 16, Cancun Agreements was drafted and largely accepted by the COP.
  • 2011 — The Durban Platform for Enhanced Action drafted and accepted by the COP, at COP17
  • 2012 – The Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol was adopted
  • 2013- At COP 19, key decisions were adopted which included  decisions on further advancing the Durban Platform, the Green Climate Fund and Long-Term Finance, the Warsaw Framework for REDD Plus and the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage.
  • 2014 – At COP 20 in Lima, Parties adopted the ‘Lima Call for Action’
  • 2015- Paris Agreement was adopted
  • 2016- Paris Agreement came into force

2016- Amendment to Montreal Protocol- the Kigali Agreement

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