International Organization for Migration (IOM)

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Source– This post on International Organization for Migration (IOM) is based on the article “At least 49 migrants dead, 140 missing off Yemen coast” published in “The Hindu” on 12th June 2024.

Why in the News?

Recently, International Organization for Migration reported that at least 49 migrants died and 140 others were missing after their boat capsized off the coast of Yemen.

About the International Organization for Migration (IOM)

AboutThe International Organization for Migration (IOM) is part of the United Nations System. It was founded in 1951.
HeadquartersIts headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerlanad.
Guiding PrinciplesIOM is guided by the principles in the Charter of the United Nations, with a focus on upholding human rights for all, respect for the rights, dignity, and well-being of migrants is paramount.
Member States175 member states and 8 observer states.
ObjectiveIOM’s work focuses on three main objectives:
i) Saving lives and protecting migrants.
ii) Finding solutions for displaced people.
iii) Creating safe and regular migration pathways.
MandateTo provides services and advice to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.
Key Areas of Work1. Migration and Development:  It works to maximize the benefits of migration for home and host countries, as well as migrants.
2. Migration Health Services: It provides health services and support to migrants and displaced populations.
3. Emergency Operations: It offers emergency relief and post-crisis recovery programs. It includes transportation assistance, temporary shelter, and rebuilding infrastructure.
4. Counter-Trafficking: It actively combats human trafficking through prevention, protection, and prosecution. It also provides assistance to victims of trafficking
Key PublicationsIt publishes reports such as World Migration Report and Migration Health Annual Report.

UPSC Syllabus: International organisation

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