Magnetic-Stress as a new chauffeur of metal-insulator transition

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Source: The post is based on the article Magnetic-Stress as a new chauffeur of metal-insulator transition” published in “PIB” on 16th October 2023

What is the News?

Scientists have found the reason behind how certain materials can change from being good conductors of electricity (metallic) to insulators (materials in which electric current does not flow freely). 

What is Metal-insulator transition(MIT)?

Normally, materials are either good at conducting electricity (metallic) or they block it (insulators).

But some special materials can switch between these two states when we change things like temperature or pressure.This switching is known as a metal-insulator transition(MIT).

This phenomenon was first discovered in magnetite in 1939.

Why does Metal-insulator transition(MIT) happen?

Scientists have found the reason behind how certain materials can change from being good conductors of electricity (metallic) to insulators.

They used one of the metal-insulator transition(MIT) materials called chromium nitride (CrN) to demonstrate this.

They have found that the magnetic stress caused by the arrangement of atoms in a material can be the reason for this transition of materials from metallic to insulators.

What is the significance of these findings?

These findings can lead to a better understanding of how different factors like magnetism, electrical charge, and atomic arrangement work together in materials. 

It could also help us discover new materials that can switch between being conductors and insulators.

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