National Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Snakebite Envenoming (NAPSE)

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Source- This post on National Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Snakebite Envenoming (NAPSE) is based on the article “Union Health Ministry launches National Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Snakebite Envenoming in India” published in “PIB” on 12th March 2024.

Why in the News?

Union Health Ministry recently launched the National Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Snakebite Envenoming (NAPSE) in India.

About NAPSE

National Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Snakebite Envenoming (NAPSE)
Source- PIB

Vision– To reduce snakebite deaths by half by 2030.

Mission– To gradually decrease the sickness, death, and related issues in humans caused by snakebites.

Key Features of NAPSE

1. Guide for States:
a.
It is a guidance document for states to formulate their individual action plans for managing, preventing, and controlling snakebites using the ‘One Health‘ approach.
b. It aims to systematically reduce the risk of snakebite poisoning by ensuring continuous access to anti-snake venom, building capacity, establishing referral systems, and educating the public.

2. Role of stakeholders: The NAPSE has selected key stakeholders, supporting stakeholders, and other institutes based on their roles and responsibilities.

a. key stakeholders- They will oversee the implementation of activities outlined in the National and State Action Plans for Snakebite Prevention and Control, offering technical and logistical support at all levels. Additionally, they will assist in formalizing State Action Plans.

b. Supporting stakeholders will help key stakeholders coordinate and implement various parts of the NAPSE. They will offer technical support for activities aimed at preventing and controlling snakebite poisoning in India across different areas.

c. Other stakeholders or institutes will include NGOs in health, wildlife, and veterinary sectors, along with professional associations and international development organizations. They will assist in NAPSE implementation, providing resources and expertise to support stakeholders at the grassroots level.

Snakebite Helpline number:
a. A Snakebite Helpline number (15400) will be tested in five states (Puducherry, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, and Delhi).
b. This service will offer quick help, advice, and support to people and communities affected by snakebites, aiming to ensure swift access to medical care and information for the public.

Do you know?

1. In India, about 50,000 deaths happen from an estimated 3-4 million snakebites yearly, making up half of all snakebite deaths worldwide.

2. In India, about 90% of snakebites are from the ‘big four’ snakes: common krait, Indian cobra, Russell’s viper, and saw-scaled viper.

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