Ukraine Peace Summit

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Source- This post on Ukraine Peace Summit is based on the article “Ukraine peace summit ends with hope” published in “The Hindu” on 17th May 2024.

Why in the News?

The two-day Ukraine Peace Summit ended recently.

About Ukraine Peace Summit

Ukraine peace summit
Source: The hindu

Ghana’s President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo (L), President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, Swiss Federal President Viola Amherd, Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky, Chile’s President Gabriel Boric and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau attend the closing press conference during the Summit on Peace in Ukraine on June 16, 2024 in Lucerne, Switzerland.

AboutThis summit underscores the international community’s efforts to find a resolution to the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, with a focus on humanitarian issues and global security.
Held atIt was held at the Bürgenstock resort, Switzerland.
ParticipantsIt was attended by 100 delegations, including 80 countries and four organizations.
FocusIt focuses on nuclear safety, global food security, and humanitarian issues.
Non-SignatoriesIndia did not sign the document; Brazil attended as an observer.
Highlights of the declaration1. The declaration condemned the Russian Federation’s war against Ukraine for causing large-scale human suffering and global crises.
2. Humanitarian Demands include release of all prisoners of war and return of deported and unlawfully displaced Ukrainian children and civilians.
Challenges and Criticisms1. Russia’s Absence: Russia was not invited, raising questions about the summit’s effectiveness. The host, Switzerland, adheres to the Rome Statute, which could have led to Putin’s arrest if he attended.
2. China’s Position: China’s absence was noted as problematic, with calls for China to leverage its influence over Russia to help end the conflict.

UPSC Syllabus: International relations

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