WHO post: India to choose Bangladesh or Nepal nominee

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Source: The post is based on the article “WHO post: India to choose Bangladesh or Nepal nominee” published in “The Hindu” on 1st November 2023

Why in the News?

India has to decide between the candidates of Bangladesh or Nepal for the post of Regional Director of the World Health Organization (WHO).

What is the World Health Organization (WHO)?

Established in1948
TypeUnited Nations’ specialized agency
AimTo promote health, keep the world safe, and serve the vulnerable
Membership194 member states
World Health Assembly (WHA)Highest decision-making body of WHO and comprises representatives from all member States. They meet yearly.
Regional OfficesWHO also has six regional offices: Africa, the Americas, Southeast Asia, Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, and Western Pacific. 
Funding: Two sources(1) Assessed contributions (AC): These are a percentage of a country’s gross domestic product (the percentage is agreed by the United Nations General Assembly).
(2) Member States approve them every two years at the World Health Assembly.They cover less than 20% of the total budget.
Voluntary contributions (VC): They are largely from Member States as well as from other United Nations organizations, intergovernmental organizations, philanthropic foundations, the private sector, and other sources. 
SecretariatGeneva, Switzerland.

UPSC Syllabus: International Organisations

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