Why the outrage at a minor domestic worker’s abuse is unlikely to change things

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Source- The post is based on the article “Why the outrage at a minor domestic worker’s abuse is unlikely to change things” published in The Indian Express on 13thFebruary 2023.

Syllabus: GS2- Vulnerable sections of the population

Relevance– Issues related to child labor

News– Recently, inhuman treatment was experienced by a minor live-in worker at her employer’s home in Gurgaon.

What is Domestic work?

According to ILO, domestic work refers to housework such as sweeping, cleaning utensils, washing clothes, cooking, caring for children and such other work which is carried out for an employer for remuneration.

What are the problems faced Domestic workers?

They face multiple forms of violence. It includes physical abuse, intimidation, threats, bullying, sexual assault, harassment, being provided poor-quality food and a lack of privacy.

What are the laws available in India to protect the Minor from Domestic Abuse?

The Factories Act of 1948 sets limits on working hours for children aged 6 to 14. It Requires parental permission for any work over 8 hours a day.

The Employment of Children (Prohibition) Act of 1973 sets similar restrictions on ages 9 to 14. It makes it illegal to employ a child in a hazardous or dangerous occupation.

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act of 1986 provides special protections for children below the age of 18 who have been involved in criminal activity.

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