Bharat 6G project: India plans to roll out high-speed internet by 2030

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Source: The post is based on the article “Bharat 6G project: India plans to roll out high-speed internet by 2030” published in the Indian Express on 23rd March 2023

What is the News?

The Prime Minister has unveiled a Vision Document to roll out high-speed 6G Communication Services by 2030 and also launched Bharat 6G Project to identify and fund research and deployment of the next-generation technology in India.

What is 6G?

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What is Bharat 6G Project?

Objective: To enable India to become a leading global supplier of intellectual property, products and solutions of affordable 6G telecom solutions and identify priority areas for 6G research based on India’s competitive advantages.

Phases: The project will be implemented in two phases, the first one from 2023 to 2025 and the second one from 2025 to 2030.

-In the first phase, it will provide support to explore new ideas and pathways. With the government’s support, these ideas will then be used to develop use cases, intellectual properties (IPs) and testbeds.

-In the second phase, these IPs, prototypes and testbeds will be commercialized.

Apex Council: The Government has appointed an apex council to a) oversee the project and focus on issues such as standardization, identification of the spectrum for 6G usage, b) create an ecosystem for devices and systems, and c) figure out finances for research and development, among other things.

– A key focus of the council will be on new technologies such as Terahertz communication, radio interfaces, tactile internet, artificial intelligence for connected intelligence, new encoding methods and waveforms chipsets for 6G devices.

Is there any caution against the 6G Project?

The vision document said that while 6G promises growth, it will simultaneously have to be balanced with sustainability as most 6G supporting communication devices will be battery-powered and can have a significant carbon footprint.

Which other countries are focussing on the 6G network?

South Korea has unveiled its 6G research and development plan with an investment of Rs 1,200 crore till 2025. Dedicated research centres have been set up in the country and are working closely with the Korean Intellectual Property Office.

In Europe, the European 6G Vision has identified key features of this network and is currently conducting a research project named Hexa-X. It will end this year.

In Japan, the Integrated Optical and Wireless Network (IOWN) Forum has published its Vision 2030 white paper for 6G. The paper laid out key technology directions for infrastructure evolution in four dimensions: cognitive capacity, responsiveness, scalability, and energy efficiency.

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