Electronic Voting Machine (EVM)

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Why is it in news?

  • The issue over the reliability of the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) has been in news ever since the results of assembly elections of five states came out in March.
  • Some of the political parties raised doubts over EVMs regarding their technical sophistication.
  • The Election Commission invited political parties to prove that electronic voting machines (EVMs) can be tampered with.
  • The Uttarakhand high Court earlier in its order refused to stay the “EVM Challenge” organized by the Election Commission of India.
  • It also stated that the exercise would not in any way impact the outcome of the currently pending election petitions on the EVM issue.
  • On June 4th, High Court stated that the outcome of EVM hack had no bearing on pending poll petitions.
  • Advantages of EVM
    • It eliminates the possibility of invalid and doubtful votes which were the root causes for many election petitions.
    • It eliminates the need for production and printing of ballot papers
    • A substantial reduction in expenses happens when it comes to transportation, storage, and recruiting counting staff.
    • EVMs have reduced the time taken in election procedure.
    • Results can be stored in the machine memory before it is deleted manually.
    • Indian EVM is a standalone machine which cannot be connected to any network and controlled through network or remote. Its original programme contained in a burnt chip cannot be altered, making it tamper proof.

    Issues pertaining to EVM

    • Reliability: “Electronic Voting Machines: Unconstitutional and Tamperable”, a volume edited by Subramanium Swamy jointly with S. Kalyanaraman, a former senior executive of the Asian Development Bank, raised several questions on EVMs reliability.
    • The EVM has no means for the voter to verify that his/her votes have been tallied properly.
    • A candidate can know how many people from a polling station voted for him. This may lead to favoritism.

What is Electronic Voting Machine?

What is EVM? EVM or Electronic Voting Machines are used to cast vote without revealing the identity of the person It is used in Indian General and State Elections. It has replaced paper ballots in local, state and general (parliamentary) elections in India. The two central govt. undertakings i.e. Bharat Electronics Limited and Electronics Corporation… Continue reading What is Electronic Voting Machine?

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