New evolutionary law explains how living beings, minerals & species evolve

ForumIAS announcing GS Foundation Program for UPSC CSE 2025-26 from 26th June. Click Here for more information.

Source: The post is based on the article “New evolutionary law explains how living beings, minerals & species evolve” published in “Down To Earth” on 19th October 2023

What is the News?

Scientists have proposed a new evolutionary law that can explain the evolution of living and non-living entities from minerals to stars.

What is the purpose of this law proposed by scientists?

The law aims to establish a relationship between evolution of living beings, minerals and stars.

It says that as life evolved from single-celled to multi-celled organisms, Earth’s minerals also became more complex contributing to diversity. 

This interaction between biodiversity and mineral diversity played a crucial role in shaping life as it exists today.

What are the three types of functions in nature according to the proposed law? 

The law identifies three kinds of functions that occur in nature:

Stability: Systems with stable arrangements of atoms or molecules will continue to survive.

Dynamic Systems: These are systems with an energy supply.

Novelty: This refers to the exploration of new configurations or arrangements that can give rise to new behaviours or characteristics.

– Examples of novelty include the evolution of single-celled organisms using light to produce food and the development of new behaviors in multicellular species, such as swimming, walking, flying, and thinking.

What is the role of Minerals and Stars in the evolution of life?

Minerals and Their Role in Evolution: Earth’s early minerals had stable atomic arrangements, serving as the foundation for the evolution of subsequent mineral generations.

– These minerals became incorporated into living organisms, forming components like shells, teeth, and bones.

Evolution of Stars and Chemical Elements: Early stars in the universe primarily consisted of hydrogen and helium.These stars produced approximately 20 heavier chemical elements.

– Subsequent generations of stars contributed to the creation of nearly 100 additional elements.

Print Friendly and PDF