Only the Gir indigenous cow breed is being promoted under Rashtriya Gokul Mission; here is why

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Source: The post is based on the article “Only the Gir indigenous cow breed is being promoted under Rashtriya Gokul Mission; here is why” published in “Down To Earth” on 1st November 2023

Why in the News?

Rashtriya Gokul Mission has been promoting only one indigenous variety, the Gir cow breed across the country.

What is Gir cow breed?

Gir is an Indigenous cow breed originating in the state of Gujarat.

Other names of Gir include Bhodah, Desan, Gujarati, Kathiawari, Sorthi and Surti.

Why is Rashtriya Gokul Mission focusing more on Gir cow breed?

Rashtriya Gokul Mission primarily promotes the Gir cow breed due to its high milk yield and adaptability to various environments.

Due to this, the population of Gir cows increased to 2.3 million in 2019, marking a substantial 70% growth from the 2013 estimate.

What are the issues with the Rashtriya Gokul Mission focusing more on Gir cow breed?

Rashtriya Gokul Mission’s focus solely on Gir breed risks threatening the purity of other indigenous breeds.

Hence, suggestions have been made for the identification and breeding of genetically superior cows from various indigenous breeds to uphold regional traits and maintain diversity.

India boasts several indigenous cattle breeds apart from the Gir such as Red Sindhi, Sahiwal, Hallikar and more.

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