[Download] UPSC IAS Mains 2021 GS 2 Question Paper

ForumIAS announcing GS Foundation Program for UPSC CSE 2025-26 from 10th August. Click Here for more information.

Dear Friends, As you all know that UPSC is conducting the mains 2021 examination. On the 2nd day of this exam, it has conducted GS paper 1 in the first session, and just now it has conducted GS paper 2. You can download the PDF of UPSC mains 2021 GS 2 question paper, using the link given below:

UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 2 Question Paper pdf

GS Paper 2 Questions

1. ‘Constitutional Morality’ is rooted in the Constitution itself and is founded on its essential facets. Explain the doctrine of ‘Constitutional Morality’ with the help of relevant judicial decisions. (150 words, 10 marks)

2. Discuss the desirability of greater representation to women in the higher judiciary to ensure diversity, equity, and inclusiveness. (150 words, 10 marks)

3. How have the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission of India enabled the States to improve their fiscal position? (150 words, 10 marks)

4. To what extent, in your view, the Parliament is able to ensure accountability of the executive in India? (150 words, 10 marks)

5. “Pressure groups play a vital role in influencing public policymaking in India.” Explain how the business associations contribute to public policies. (150 words, 10 marks)

6. “Besides being a moral imperative of a Welfare State, primary health structure is a necessary precondition for sustainable development.” Analyze. (150 words, 10 marks)

7. “Earn while you learn’ scheme needs to be strengthened to make vocational education and skill training meaningful.” Comment. (150 words, 10 marks)

8. Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality, poverty, and malnutrition be broken through microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples. (150 words, 10 marks)

9. “If the last few decades were of Asia’s growth story, the next few are expected to be of Africa’s.” In the light of this statement, examine India’s influence in Africa in recent years. (150 words, 10 marks)

10. “The USA is facing an existential threat in the form of a China, that is much more challenging than the erstwhile Soviet Union.” Explain. (150 words, 10 marks)

11. The jurisdiction of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) regarding lodging an FIR and conducting probe within a particular State is being questioned by various States. However, the power of the States to withhold consent to the CBI is not absolute. Explain with special reference to the federal character of India. (250 words, 15 marks)

12. Though the Human Rights Commissions have contributed immensely to the protection of human rights in India, yet they have failed to assert themselves against the mighty and powerful. Analyzing their structural and practical limitations, suggest remedial measures. (250 words, 15 marks)

13. Analyze the distinguishing features of the notion of the Right to Equality in the Constitutions of the USA and India. (250 words, 15 marks)

14. Explain the constitutional provisions under which Legislative Councils are established. Review the working and current status of Legislative Councils with suitable illustrations. (250 words, 15 marks)

15. Do Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committees keep the administration on its toes and inspire reverence for parliamentary control? Evaluate the working of such committees with suitable examples. (250 words, 15 marks)

16. Has digital illiteracy particularly in rural areas, coupled with lack of information and Communication Technology (ICT) accessibility hindered socio-economic development? Examine with justification. (250 words, 15 marks)

17. “Though women in post-independent India have excelled in various fields, the social attitude towards women and feminist movement has been patriarchal.” Apart from women education and women empowerment schemes, what intervention can help change this milieu? (250 words, 15 marks)

18. Can Civil Society and Non-Governmental Organisations present an alternative model of public service delivery to benefit the common citizen? Discuss the challenges of this alternative model. (250 words, 15 marks)

19. Critically examine the aims and objectives of SCO. What importance does it hold for India? (250 words, 15 marks)

20. The newly tri-nation partnership AUKUS is aimed at countering China’s ambitions in the Indo-Pacific region. Is it going to supersede the existing partnerships in the region? Discuss the strength and impact of AUKUS in the present scenario. (250 words, 15 marks)

You can download the PDF of the UPSC Mains 2021 Essay paper here. And of GS Paper 1 here. Or

You can access all the previous year question papers along with the present ones, on this page

Following is the schedule for the upcoming UPSC mains 2021 papers:

Date 1st Session (9 AM -12 PM)2nd Session (2 PM – 5 PM) 
7th January 2022Essay Paper –
8th January 2022GS Paper-IGS Paper – II
9th January 2022GS Paper – IIIGS Paper – IV
15th January 2022Language Paper-1English Language Paper
16th January 2022Optional Paper-IOptional Paper-II

Previous Year UPSC Mains Papers

Year GS Paper IGS Paper II GS Paper III GS Paper IVEssay
2015Paper I  PaperII Paper III Paper IV Essay  
2016Paper I Paper II  Paper IIIPaper IV Essay  
2017 Paper I Paper II Paper III Paper IV Essay   
2018Paper I Paper II  Paper III Paper IV Essay 
2019 Paper I Paper II  Paper IIIPaper IVEssay  
2020Paper I Paper II Paper III Paper IV Essay  
2021Paper IPaper IIPaper IIIPaper IVEssay
2022Paper IPaper IIPaper IIIPaper IVEssay
2023Paper IPaper IIPaper IIIPaper IVEssay

Print Friendly and PDF