Recent Global Temperature Trends and Climate Change

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Source: The post recent global temperature trends and climate change has been created, based on the article “In regular breaches of 1.5 degree Celsius Paris Pact target warnings for a warmer world” published in “Indian express” on 11th July 2024

UPSC Syllabus Topic: GS Paper3-environment-climate change

Context: The article discusses how the global temperature between July 2023 and June 2024 was the highest ever recorded. It highlights the ongoing rise in temperatures and the urgent need for stronger climate adaptation measures. It also notes that India, like many places, is very vulnerable to climate disasters and must improve its response to protect its people.

For detailed information on Global warming Impact on climate in India read this article here

What are the Recent Global Temperature Trends?

  1. The global average temperature between July 2023 and June 2024 was the highest on record. The planet was 1.64 degrees Celsius warmer than pre-industrial levels, according to the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service.
  2. Although this does not mean the Paris Climate Pact’s 1.5 degrees threshold has been breached permanently, as the pact considers decadal averages, it is a significant indicator of warming.
  3. June of last year was the hottest June ever recorded. Although the onset of La Nina might cool some regions temporarily, the overall trend shows a warming climate.

What Are the Current Challenges in Climate Policy?

  1. Global efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have been insufficient, with no clear agreement on which countries should bear the majority of the decarbonization efforts.
  2. The IPCC’s latest reports suggest that current strategies to build resilience against climate change are too small and short-term, focusing mainly on immediate risks.

What is the Situation in India?

  1. Over 80% of India’s population is at risk from climate-related disasters, with many areas having low capacity to adapt.
  2. India has a climate adaptation plan, but frequent natural disasters like landslides, floods, and heat waves show more improvements are needed.
  3. Cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore struggle with infrastructure that cannot handle extreme weather, such as heavy rainfall.

Question for practice:

Discuss the recent global temperature trends and the challenges faced by India in addressing climate-related disasters.

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